Johnson Daylily Gardens


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Cultural Practices

How to Grow in Sandy Soil




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Cultural Practices...This is what we do

Daylilies received bareroot that are expensive or appear under stress are given extra care. Plant in a clean pot using a well drained potting mix such as Metro Mix 500 or Fafard Mix #4. Place pots in semi-shade moving more into sun each week. Water as needed. Plant in ground when strong growth is evident which is usually 4-6 weeks. Divide mail order daylilies only if the plants naturally fall apart. Forcing a division creates a crown injury creating plant stress.

Plant in a previously prepared well drained bed high in organic content. Set the soil pH close to 6.5. Improve clay soil by blending in coarse sand and organic material. Good soil has plenty of earthworms. Adding compost or mulching with leaves draws earthworms.

If we aren’t too busy we dip new plants in a bleach solution (3 tablespoons per gallon water) for ten minutes to kill pests or disease organisms. Rinse the plant well after the dip.

Plant after the last Spring frost and six weeks prior to first winter frost. In the deep South hot humid climates avoid digging or dividing daylilies in July and August. Plant bareroot daylilies as soon as possible. Keep the soil damp, not soaking wet. If there will be a delay pot them up or heal them in damp sand or peat. Space plants 12-20 inches depending on size. Do not soak new plants in water overnight.

Plant the crown (where the roots and foliage meet) even with the soil line or one-inch lower if you get snow. Firm up the soil directly where the crown is placed. Pack soil firmly around the roots. Air pockets can cause problems. Locate daylilies in half-day sun or more. Do not plant too close to bushes or trees where there would be root competition. Watering increases flowering and growth. One to two inches from rain or you are ideal during the growing season.

Fertilize in spring and fall. Have your soil tested to determine what is needed. Too much phorphous (the middle number) can cause problems. A leaf mulch is a natural slow release fertilizer.

Reduce weeds with a two-inch mulch, planting close together to deny sun to sprouting weeds, or pull them. The fall mulch should be left on until past the last Spring frost. Chemical sprays for insects are unnecessary and self-defeating. Beneficial insects will do this work for you. Encourage them with host plants.

Dust all root or crown wounds with Rootone using a small brush.

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